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The farm is an autonomous system in itself. It has a closed environment within which various agents of the farming system interact among themselves; a dynamically changing relationship with its external context
Biodynamics is an extension of organic agriculture, which views the farm as a living organism, rather than just a collection of plants and animals. Farmers are the core influence within this system, because they determine how the farm functions.
A three-axis polarity holds the farm in natural equilibrium:
Biological Management means reconciling the life conditions of a healthy enduring producing system with economic necessities and with the skills and interests of the farmer.
Features of a biodynamic farm:
Living systems are identified as open self-organizing living things that interact with their environment that can take in from the environment the inputs of information and material-energy they need. Regardless of their complexity, they each depend upon the same essential twenty subsystems (or processes) in order to survive and to continue the propagation of their species or types beyond a single generation.
Emergence and Interaction: The properties (or behavior) of a system as a whole emerge out of the interaction of the components comprising the system.
The ideas put forth and further development by the biodynamic school since 1924, are now in synthesis with the Living Systems Theory.
The application of the Living Systems Theory to the Agriculture and Development has led to the focus area – Farm Systems Research
Scope of study for the Farm Systems Research (FSR)
Indian Institute of Farming Systems Research (IIFSR) with focus on farming systems research was established in 2009 by Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi at Modipuram, Meerut (Uttar Pradesh). Integrated Farming Systems research is conducted for five major ecosystems, i.e., arid, semi-arid, sub-humid, humid and coastal, representing 15 agro-climatic zones to develop location-specific system based technologies. It also manages The Network Project on Organic Farming (NPOF). The major research programmes identified are Integrated Farming System Management (IFSM), Cropping System & Resource Management (CSRM), Organic Agriculture System (OAS), Technology Transfer & Human Resource Development (TTHRD).